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Yin  And  Yang

Yin and Yang are the two most fundamental concepts in Chinese medical philosophy. Rooted in ancient Chinese philosophy, these two opposing concepts are used to account for changes in the universe in a compressive manner.
In anatomy, the human body is divided into yin and yang as follow; The internal region is yin,while the external region is yang;the five viscera are yi,while the six bowels are yang; and the tendons and bones are yin,while the skin is yang.In physiology,yin stands for storage of energy, while yang stands for human activities, because yin stays within like a traditional housewife while yang stays in the superficial region to guard against foreign invasion

In pathology,yin and yang are used to describe two basic patterns of change.When yin wins a victory,yang will be diseased;when yang wins a victory,yin will be disease.When yang wins a victory,there will be fever;when yin wins a victory,there will be chill.When yang is an deficiency,it will cause chill sensations in the superficial region;when yin is in deficiency,there will be internal heat.In diagnosis, yin and yang symptoms are used to describe the nature of a disease.According to The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine,;a good physician who has mastered the technique of diagnosis will examine the patient”s color and take his pulse and he will classify all symptoms into yin and yang as the first step in making a diagnosis.
In terms of treatment,striking a balance between yin and yang is the most fundamental principle of clinical practice.Among the treatments based on this principle are sedating the axcess and toning up the deficiency.The Yellow Emperor’s Classics of internal Medicine states,A hot disease should be treated by cold herbs;a cold disease should be treated by hot herbs…. Yin should be treated in a yang disease,yang should be treated in a yin disease.